General Stock Breeders, Association
of the Province of Quebec.

Léger, Brousseau Printer Quebec

Scale of Points for Canadian Horse

The scale of points for Canadian horses is divided into eight parts or groups, seven of which correspond to the horse’s chief anatomical regions : the head ; the neck and shoulders; the body; the fore-quarter, the hind-quarter; the lower parts of the legs (with the exception of the foot); the foot.

The eighth group consists of what is more specially considered by horsemen as the exterior: -the skin, weight, action, height. Finally the nervous system and general appearance are noted.

As so arranged, the scale can be easily understood and remembered by every horseman.

The greatest number of points (20) is alloted to the body. The body (chest, back loins, belly) is by far the most important region of the horse. It contains the chief organs of the circulation of the blood, those of respiration, digestion, nutrition, etc. If those organs have plenty of room, if they are well supported, they work perfectly and this condition is accompanied, by health, strength, vigor and endurance. Moreover the other parts will be in harmony with the body both as regards their development and their fitness. On the contrary, if the body is defective the remainder of the animal will be more or less so.

The quarters occupy the second place from the standpoint of the importance of the regions. We have alloted them 13 and 14 points respectively.

The fore-foot comes thirdly.”No foot, No horse,” says Youatt. Nothing can be truer. We have allotted 10 points for this.

Then comes the lower part of the legs and the hind foot to each of which 5 points are alloted. The other portions of the body are comparatively accessory.

The practical application of the scale is made easy by the fact that the points alloted to a region are distributed among the various parts constituting such regions. The only exception is in the case of the head.


First Group - Head

2pts Shape & carriage:  Square, that is rather short and with straight lines everywhere; lean; carried rather high and slanting.  Ears - Not too close, thin, active, rather short.  Forehead and Face - Broad and flat.  Eyes - Wide apart; flush with the head; large; moderately convex; bright; and kind.  Eyelids -Thin, wide apart, clean and mobile.  

1pt Nostrils: Large and wide apart. Lips -Thin, mobile, covered with delicate skin.  Mouth- Rather samll. 
1pt Lower jaw:  Wide apart and rather broad at the angle.  Cavity between the jaws.-Wide spread, lean and well-hollowed out.   Cheeks - Well-developed, firm, but not fat.

Total points for this group : 4

Second Group - Neck and Throat

1pt  Throat:  Wide across; throatlatch slightly depressed. 
4pts  Neck:  Rather straight than arched; broad at lower and thin at upper edge; sides slightly rounded and firmly muscled; gracefully attached to the head and well fastened to the shoulders.

Total points for this group: 5

Third Group- Trunk

1pt  Withers:  Lean, slightly raised and long.  
4pts  Back:  Strong, broad, straight, short.  
4pts  Loins:  Broad, short, strong, straight.  
1pt   Breast:  Broad, so that the horse’s legs are well apart; covered with well developed and projecting muscles.  
7pts  Chest:  Broad and deep, ribs long, broad, well apart and well arched.  
3pts  Belly: Somewhat large but not pendulous; gradually rounding in with the curve of the ribs and flanks.

Total points for this group: 20

Fourth Group - Fore Quarters

5pts  Shoulder:  Long, sloping and well muscled.
1pt  Arm and Elbow:  Long, thick, covered with hard and projecting muscles; Arm moderately inclined. Elbow long, parallel to the axis of the body and at the same time apart from it.
2pts  Fore Arm:  Descending as low as possible, broad, thick, perpendicular.
5pts  Knee:  Lean, long, broad, thick, clean, perpendicular, not turned either out or in.

Total points for this group: 13

Fifth Group - Hind Quarters

3pts   Croup:  As long as possible, wide, slightly sloping; the point of hip should project but slightly.
1pt  Tail:  Large at the root, thick, attached rather high, with an abundance of fine and rather long hair.
5pts  Buttock:  Thigh, Stifle, Leg. Buttock descending as near the hock as possible, firm, thick, well muscled. Thigh broad and thick. Stifle clean, close to belly, turned slightly outward. Leg long, wide, the tendon well separated from the bone, large and hard.
5pts  Hock: Clean, lean, wide, thick, parallel to the inclined plane of the body, not turned either in or out.

Total points for this group: 14

Sixth Group  - Lower Part of the Leg

Cannon:  Short, broad, thick, clean, lean, perpendicular. Tendons lean, clean, firm, large and well detached.
Fetlock:  Broad, thick, lean, clean, slightly slanting.
Pastern:  Broad, thick, average length, moderately slanting; free from long hair.

For fore leg: 5 points
For hind leg: 5 points

Total points for this group: 10

Seventh Group - Feet

10pts  Front Foot:  Large, strong, as broad as long, resting squarely on the ground, face line slightly inclined; height of heels one half that of front face; heels widely spread, even, resting squarely on the ground; sole hollow, thick; frog strong and rather hard.

5pts  Hind Foot:  Should possess all the qualities indicated for the fore-foot, except that it is more oval in shape and the heels are higher and more spread.

Total points for this group: 15

Eighth Group -  Exterior

1pt  Skin:  Soft, pliant, mellow, loose; hair smooth.  Colour: Any colour is acceptable.
1pt  Height:  14 - 16 hands (reviewed in 1991)
1pt  Weight.  1000 to 1400 lbs.
7pts  Action:   Lively, brisk, rather long than high; hock, knee, fetlock and pastern bending easily.

Total points for this group: 10

Ninth Group - Temperament and Nervous System

4pts:  The animal must be of a docile temperament but full of vigour and spirit without being nervous.

Tenth Group - General Appearance

5pts:   The animal must be graceful in carriage and demeanor as well as in symmetry of shape.

Grand total of points. 100